Slovakia made their FIVB World League debut in 2014, immediately qualifying for the Group 3 Final Four. After losing their semifinal in straight sets to Turkey, they lost the bronze medal match 3-1 to China.
The next year they hosted the Group 3 Final Four in Bratislava. However, they lost to eventual group winners Egypt in the semifinals, before bouncing back with a 3-2 win over China in the bronze medal match. They were eventually promoted to Group 2 for 2016 with the expansion of the World League, ranking eighth (21st overall) on a 3-6 record.
Since the breakup of Czechoslovakia in 1993, Slovakia have not competed at a World Championship or Olympic Games. They have been regular competitors in continental tournaments, steadily improving. They won the European League in 2008 and 2011. Their best finish at the European Championship was fifth place in 2011.